icavt marxvas?
ki, titqmis yvela marxvas: 20%
mxolod otxshabat-paraskevs: 0%
saertod ara: 80%
xma misca: 5
Shetyobinebebi
1. MIlanboy[11528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
07 Mar 13, 13:06:11
ghvtis rcmena da siyvaruli yovel adamians gulshi unda hqondes damarxuli; magram rcmena da siyvaruli mashin xdeba cxoveli (cocxali), rodesac mati gamovlineba xdeba saqmit. ert-erti amgvari saqmetagania, roca chven ghmertis chvendami usazghvro siyvarulis sapasuxod chven amqveyniur siameebs – sachmels, gartobas, shvebas cotati moviklebt da viqnebit tavshekavebulni. amas ecodeba marxva. am azrit gonieri adamiani, locvis msgavsad, sul marxvashi unda iyos (iyvnen da arian kidec aseti cmida mamebi), magram, sazogadod, adamians. tavisi dacemuli, udzluri bunebis gamo, ar sheudzlia gamudmebuli tavshekaveba. amitom eklesiam daadgina garkveuli dro da forma tavshekavebisa anu marxvisa, romlis dacva, tavdapirvelad tundac meqanikuri da idzulebiti, aris sacindari imisa, rom odesme shevdzlebt cheshmarit marxvasa da tavshekavebul cxovrebas.
1 Madlobeli momxmareblebi.

2. MIlanboy[11528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
07 Mar 13, 13:07:07
xangrdzlivi marxvebi

celicadshi dacesebulia otxi xangrdzlivi marxva, romelic cin udzghvis otx did dghesascauls.

a) didi cmida marxva – qristes brcyinvale aghdgomis cin;
b) sashobao marxva – qristes shobis cin;
g) mariamobis marxva – yovladcmida ghmrtismshoblis midzinebis cin;
d) petre-pavlobis marxva – mociqulta tavta – cm. petres da cm. pavles dghesascaulis cin.

a) didi cmida marxva amatgan yvelaze xangrdzlivi da sapasuxismgebloa. igi aghdgomis cin 49 dghit adre icyeba da aghdgomis dghesascaulamde grdzeldeba;
b) shobis marxva grdzeldeba 28 noembridan 7 ianvramde, rodesac eklesia dghesascaulobs ieso qristes xorcielad dabadebas (7 ianvari sinamdvileshi aris 25 dekemberi im dzveli da cheshmariti kalendrit, romlitac sargeblobs chveni eklesia);
g) mariamobis marxva orkviriania da grdzeldeba 14 agvistodan 28 agvistomde, rodesac eklesia dghesascaulobs yovladcmida ghmrtismshoblis amqveyniuri cxovrebis dasasruls – mis midzinebas.
d) petre-pavlobis marxvis xangrdzlivoba cvalebadia 9 dghidan tvenaxevramde. es imitom xdeba, rom misi dasasruli udzravia, dasacyisi ki – modzravi da ukavshirdeba sultmofenobis dghesascauls, romelic, tavis mxriv, aghdgomis dghesascaulzea damokidebuli (aghinishneba aghdgomidan 50-e dghes).
petre-pavlobis marxva icyeba sultmofenobidan erti kviris shemdeg da mtavrdeba 12 ivliss (ax. stilit), rodesac eklesia ixseniebs tavta mociqulta – cm. petresa da cm. pavles.
ertdghiani marxvebi

gansakutrebul dgheebshi eklesiam dagvidgina ertdghiani marxvebi:

a) yoveli kviris otxshabati da paraskevi garda msgefsisa, radgan otxshabats iudam gasca ieso qriste, paraskevs ki qriste jvars acves;
b) natlisghebis cina dghe – 18 ianvari (ax. stilit);
g) cm. ioane natlismcemlis tavis kvetis dghe – 11 seqtemberi (ax. stilit);
d) jvartamaghleba – 27 seqtemberi (ax. stilit).
msgefsi

clis ganmavlobashi arsebobs ramdenime gansakutrebuli kvira anu shvideuli, rodesac otxshabati da paraskevi arasamarxvo dgheebia, anu xsnilia. aset shvideuls ecodeba msgefsi (dzvel qartulshi es sityva zogadad shvideulis aghsanishnavad ixmareboda, miuxedavad otxshabatisa da paraskevis marxva-gaxsnilebisa, dghes ki man im kviris mnishnveloba sheidzina, romelshic yvela dghe xsnilia). celicadshi aseti msgefsi xutia:

a) shobidan natlisghebamde – 25 dekembridan (7 ianvari) 4 (17) ianvramde;
b) mezverisa da farisevlis shvideuli – didi marxvis dacyebis cin mesame kvira;
g) yvelieris shvideuli – didi marxvis cin bolo kvira; xsnilia yvelita da kvercxit;
g) brcyinvale shvideuli – aghdgomis shemdegi kvira;
d) sultmofenobis shvideuli - sultmofenobis dghesascaulis momdevno kvira.

otxi ukanaskneli msgefsis tve da ricxvi yovelcliurad saeklesio kalendarshi unda moidzebnos.
3. MIlanboy[11528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
07 Mar 13, 13:07:50
rogor vimarxulot praqtikulad

marxvis dros adamianma ar unda miighos garkveuli saxis sakvebi: xorceuli (cxoveli, frinveli), rdzis nacarmi (rdze, maconi, xacho, yveli, araJani, karaqi) da kvercxi.

sheidzleba: puri, marcvleuli, xili, bostneuli, baghcheuli da tafli.

aqve unda aghinishnos, rom tradiciulad arsebobs marxvis shenaxvis sayoveltao cesebi, romelic saertoa yvela avtokefaliuri eklesiisatvis yvela epoqashi, magram arsebobs garkveuli sazghvrebi, romlebshic sheidzleba icvlebodes marxvis simkacre geografiuli mdebareobisa tu konkretuli vitarebis mixedvit (dziritadad es exeba tevzis mighebas marxvisas da mdzime marxvis shenaxvas). arsebobs agretve adgilobrivi eklesiis tradiciebi (magalitad, chven feriscvalebamde veridebit yurdznis da zogierti sxva xilis chamas da sxv.)

rac sheexeba tevzs, igi sazogadod samarxvo sachmelad itvleba, magram misi migheba-armighebis sakitxi marxvis simkacrezea damokidebuli. asevea ghvinoc. miuxedavad misi mcenareuli carmoshobisa, igi saxsnilo produqtad itvleba da, tu xsnilshi troba ar sheidzleba, marxvashi misi migheba mxolod mcire raodenobitaa dasashvebi da isic – shabat-kviras.

saertod ki, yovel konkretul drosa da adgilas marxvis simkacres gansazghvravs adgilobrivi eklesiis mamamtavari.
rogor unda moiqces morcmune, tu raime mizezit marxvis shenaxva ar sheudzlia

xandaxan xdeba, rom adamians marxvis shenaxva uchirs: an dzalian dasustebulia, an xnieria, an avadaa da eqimma specialuri dieta daunishna. aset shemtxvevashi arasamarxo produqtis migheba marxvis darghvevad ar chaitvleba, tu morcmune aighebs locva-kurtxevas, romelsac idzleva an mghvdelmtavari, an mghvdeli. am locva-kurtxevis dzalit morcmunem sheidzleba miighos rdzis nacarmi da xorcic ki, tu es aucilebelia.

marxvis shenaxva araa savaldebulo agretve bavshvebistvis 12 clis asakamde. tu mshoblebs mainc undat bavshvi tavidanve sheachvion marxvas, vurchevt ase gansajon: bavshvisatvis yoveldghiurad xorcis migheba aratu savaldebulo ar aris, aramed mavnebelicaa. amitom misi reJimi ise unda ganvsazghvrot, rom xorcisagan gantvirtvis dgheebi iyos otxshabati da paraskevi.
4. bebevar[2079](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
07 Mar 13, 13:08:53
ise guli mtkiva wlebi vmarxulobdi yvela marxvas vicavdi didsac da otxshabati da paraskevic mara rac saqartvelodan wamovedi aq davargvie aq ver vicav marxvas. imedia ufali gamigebs da mapatieebs.
5. MIlanboy[11528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
09 Mar 13, 17:16:35
marxva aris iseti dgheebi, rodesac akrdzalulia ara marto saxsnilos (xorcis, yvelis, rdzis, kvercxis) chama, aramed sazogadod mometebuli chama-sma. marxvebi dacesebulia cmida mamebisgan misabadzad macxovrisa, ghvtismshoblisa da mociqulebisa. agretve saghmrto istoriashi romelime samcuxaro cmida shemtxvevis aghsanishnavad. marxva aris ertdghiani da mravaldghiani. ertdghiani marxvebia: otxshabati – mosaxseneblad ieso qristes gacemisa iuda iskariotelisagan; paraskevi – mosaxseneblad ieso qristes jvarcmisa da sikvdilisa. 5/18 ianvari – natlisghebis cina dghe. (mdzime marxva) 29/11 seqtemberi – mosaxseneblad ioane natlismcemlis taviskvetisa. (mdzime marxva) 14/27 seqtemberi – jvartamaghleba, mosaxseneblad ieso qristes jvarcmisa. (mdzime marxva)

mravaldghiani marxvebi

qristeshobis marxva – nishnad kacobriobis usjulo cyvdiadshi yofnis da mxsnelis qristes gankacebamde; didi marxva (aghdgomis) – misabadzad ieso qristes yofnisa udabnoshi; petre-pavlobis marxva – misabadzad cmida mociqulta tavta petresi da pavlesi; mariamobis marxva – mosaxseneblad ghvtismshobel mariamis netari micvalebisa.

zogiert dghesascauls msgefsi axlavs, e. i. msgefsi iseti kviraa, romelshic otxshabati da paraskevi xsnilia: asetia qristes shobis, aghdgomisa da sultmofenobis dghesascaulta momdevno kvira.

didi marxva (aghdgomis marxva)

ori msgefsi cin udzghvis didmarxvas: pirvelia - udzghebi shvilis kvira, meorea – yvelieris kvira – ushualod marxvis dacyebamde (xsnilia rdzis nacarmita da kvercxit).

xangrdzlivi da dzalzed sapasuxismgebloa didi cmida marxva, romelic aghdgomis cin 49 dghit adre icyeba da brcyinvale aghdgomis dghesascaulamde grdzeldeba. didi marxvis dros ori udidesi dghesascaulia xareba da bzoba; xareba - mtavarangeloz gabrielis mier qalcul mariamisadmi ucyeba imisa, rom misgan kacobriobas moevlineboda ufali chveni ieso qriste; bzoba – ieso qristes didebit shesvla ierusalimshi. bzobis dghesascauls cin udzghvis „lazares shabati”, eklesia am dghes dghesascaulobs ieso qristes mier tavisi megobris, otxi dghis mkvdari lazares aghdginebas. bzobis dghesascauli xsnilia tevzit. morcmunet urigdebat nakurtxi bzis totebi, nishnad imisa, tu rogor ufendnen mcvane rtoebs ebraelebi ieso qristes, roca is didebit shedioda ierusalimshi paseqis ukanasknel dghesascaulze. cina cels nakurtxi bzis totebi daushvebelia udierad gadaiyaros, aramed unda daicvas, an tadzris ezoshi, an sadme cmida adgilas.

cmida eklesia didi marxvis periodshi, ormoci dghis ganmavlobashi ixseniebs micvalebulebs, romelsac ecodeba ormocdghiani mosaxseniebeli; yovel shabts did marxvashi ketdeba micvalebulta saxelze sakurtxi, garda didmarxvis pirveli kviris shabatisa.

vnebis shvideuli did marxvis momdevno kviraa. am shvideulshi moxda uflisa chvenisa ieso qristes cmida vneba jvarze. am kvirashic, did marxvis pirveli kviris msgavsad mkacrad vmarxulobt (uzetod, visac es dzaludzs), garda xutshabatisa. xutshabati zetit xsnilia. am dghes ieso qristem tavisi 12 mocafis saidumlo seroba moicvia da daacesa ziarebis saidumlo. yoveli martlmadidebeli unda ecados am dghes ziarebas.

didi xutshabatidan moyolebuli cm. efrem asuris sinanulis locva „ufalo da meufeo” aghar ikitxeba, e.i. am locvis kanoni cydeba.

vnebis shvideulshi mteli clis ganmavlobashi yvelaze mdzime dghe „citeli paraskevia”. am dghes moxda jvarcma da xorcieli sikvdili uflisa chvenisa ieso qristesi. am dghes sruldeba „gardamoxsnis gadmosveneba”. dilit ki, ikitxeba „tormeti vnebis saxareba”.

did shabats, dilit, sruldeba gardamoxsnis shemotareba tadzris garshemo, ris shemdegac mas shua tadzarshi daasveneben. es momascavebelia uflis cmida sxeulis gadmosvenebisa jvarcmis adgilidan mistvis gamzadebul saflavshi. yovelive amis shemdeg, xdeba mzadeba uflis brcyinvale aghdgomis shesaxvedrad.

did marxvashi ikitxeba cmida efrem asuris locvis kanoni yoveldghiurad 16 metaniit (kviris garda)

1.ufalo da meufeo cxovrebisa chemisao, sulsa uqmobisasa da mimocvlilvelobasa, mtavrobismoyvarebasa da cudad metyvelebasa nu mimcem me.

(didi metania 1-jer)

2. xolo suli sicmidisa, simdablisa, motminebisa da siyvarulisa mommadle me, monasa shensa.

(didi metania 1-jer)

3.he, ufalo da meufeo, momaniche me gancda tvista codvata da ara gankitxvad dzmisa chemisa, rametu kurtxeul xar, shen, ukuniti ukunisande. amin.

(didi metania 1-jer)

4.ghmerto milxine me codvilsa amasa da shemicyale.


(mcire metaniit 12-jer)

5.shemdeg es locva isev unda gavimeorot tavidan bolomde da aghvasrulot kidev 1 didi metania.
metaniis ganmarteba

metania - berdznuli sityvaa, nishnavs sinanuls, sakutari ughirsebis shegrdznebit ghvtis cinashe tayvaniscemas – muxldrekas.

a) didi metania nishnavs – muxlebisa da tavis modrekas.

b) mcire metania nishnavs pirjvris gamosaxvis shemdeg tavis dadrekas uflis cinashe da xelit iatakze shexebas.
6. moira[7542](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
09 Mar 13, 17:22:59
religia am forumshi akrzaluliao daa .dum.
7. MIlanboy[11528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
09 Mar 13, 17:23:58
agaraa akrdzaluli, gadaxede temebs
8. GI0[2716](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
09 Mar 13, 17:37:27
Marxva aris wyalze ,purze,lobioze da egetebze ro xar da ara nayini,namcxvari,xinkali da yvelaperi roa samarxvo.eg aris upro "svetckoba". Male cxovelebsac ise agzrdian chama ro sheidzlebodes marxvaze.
9. Everything is over[420](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
09 Mar 13, 17:46:50
GI0, eg ar mesmismis mec samarxo erqvas da sma chamas ar ikleben. ro kitxo egetebs marxvaze arian.
10. GI0[2716](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
09 Mar 13, 17:54:23
#690892 ninakaho,tan upro gemriel da sasargeblo produqtebs chamen.

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