Shetyobinebebi
1. ZUZUKELA[13586](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
26 Apr 12, 13:07:08
qvemo qartli mdebareobs aghmosavlet saqartvelos samxret nawilshi. ganlagebulia naxevrad udabno, mshrali subtropikuli da maghalmtiani alpuri zonis sazghvrebshi.regioni mdidaria mdinareebit. isini dziritadad qcia-xramisa da algetis auzebs miekutvnebian. mati ricxvi 2422-s aghwevs, saerto sigrdze – 6980 km-ia. matgan aghsanishnavia mdinareebi – xrami, algeti, mashavera, debeda, yarabulaxi, agrichai, bolnisi.qvemo qartlis teritoriaze mdebareobs shemdegi tbebi: jandaris, wurblianis, aryianis, baretisa da grdzeli tbebi. Titoeul matganshi sashualod wylis moculoba 1 mln kub.litrs sheadgens.
regionis saerto fartobi sheadgens 6901 kv.km-s, rac saqartvelos teriritoriis 10%-s sheadgens.qvemo qartls aghmosavletidan esazghvreba kaxeti, chrdiloetidan _ shida qartli da mcxeta-mtianeti, dasavletit – samcxe-javaxeti, xolo samxretit somxeti da azerbaijani.
Shida qartli 7 administraciul-teritoriul erteulad iyofa:
*TviTmarTveli erTeuli qalaqi rusTavi;
*gardabnis municipaliteti;
*bolnisis municipaliteti;
*marneulis municipaliteti;
*dmanisis municipaliteti;
*tetri wyaros municipaliteti;
*walkis municipaliteti.
qvemo qartlshi 1 tvitmmartveli qalaqia, 6 municipaliteti, 2 daba da 121 sakrebulo, romlebic 363 sofels aertianebs.
2. ZUZUKELA[13586](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
26 Apr 12, 13:07:57
qvemo qartli saqartvelos dzirdzveli bunebrivi simdidrita da silamazit gamorcheuli mxarea. aq warmodgenilia samxret saqartvelos vulkanuri warmoshobis mtebisa da zegnebis umshvenieresi landshafti, vrceli velebisa da winaalpuri mtebis shexameba naxevradudabnodan da mshrali subtropikuli zonidan alpur zonamde tbili klimatit, rbili havit, ganumeorebeli simwvanit, tyeebit, ankara mdinareebita da tbebit, uxvi nadirita da tevzit, mravali sakurorto adgilit, mineraluri da termuli wylebit.
qvemo qartls didi da udzvelesi istoria gaachnia. aq gaiara kacobriobis istoriis yvela periodma. aq sheiqmna ubrwyinvalesi trialetis yorghanebis didi kultura, romelic ufro dzvelia vidre legendaruli kolxeti da mastan dakavshirebuli miti argonavtebze. mxareshi shexvdebit V-VI saukuneebisa da mis shemdgom periodshi nageb da kargad shemonaxul istoriul dzeglebs, aq dghmde shemorchenilia dzveli weltagricxvis pirvel ataswleulshi chasaxuli naqalaqari da sxva girsshesanishnaobebi.
msoflios yuradgeba miipyro da gansakutrebul arqeologiur aghmochenad itvleba pirvelyofili adamianis adgilsamyofelisa da tvit adamianis nashtebis agmochena dmanisis naqalaqarze. specialistebis mier dadginda, rom dmaniseli hominidi am teritoriaze binadrobda 1,8 milioni wlis winat da igi evropasa da aziashi udzvelesia.

qartuli epigrafikis udzvelesi nimushi shemogvinaxa bolnisis sionis tadzarma. igi V saukunit tarigdeba. sul qvemo qarTlshi 650-ze meti istoriuli dzeglia, romelta shoris 300-mde turistul marshrutebshia chartuli.
3. ZUZUKELA[13586](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
26 Apr 12, 13:08:54
bolnisis sioni, udzvelesi qartuli umnishvnelovanesi dzegli, samnaviani bazilika. chrdiloetit ert-erti shesasvlelis tavze motavsebuli warweris mixedvit ashenebulia 478-493, mopirketebulia lamazi firuzisfer-momwvano tufis sufTad gatlili kvadrebit. pirvelad qartul arqiteqturashi, gvxvdeba agretve reliefuri skulpturuli gamosaxilebani (xaris tavi, sxvadasxva frinveli da cxoveli), romlebic winaqristianul xanastanaa dakavshirebuli, magram shetvisebulia qristianuli sarwmunoebis mier.


fitaretis monastris asheneba lasha-giorgis mefobis periods ukavshirdeba da 1213-1222 wlebit tarigdeba. samonastro kompleqsis shemadgenlobashi shedis: eklesia, samreklo, marani, galavani, baqani, sadzvale da sxvadasxva sameurneo danishnulebis shenobata met-naklebad dazianebuli nagebobebi.monasteri dabla mdinare xramis ghrma xeobashi dgas. viwro xeobis orive mxares aziduli maghali mtebi fotlovan tyes daufaravs. aqa-iq wiwvovani xeebic gvxvdeba, rac gansakutrebul elfers adzlevs isedac lamaz shemogarens.
4. ZUZUKELA[13586](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
26 Apr 12, 13:09:23
dmanisis sioni - VI saukunis qartuli xurotmodzgvrebis dzegli sameklesiiani bazilikis tipisaa. sasheni masalisa da mortulobis xasiatit uaxlovdeba bolnisis sionsa da qvemo bolnisis sameklesiian bazilikas. Tavdapirveli saxit mxolod shua navma moaghwia, gverditi nawilebi mnishvnelovnad aris gadaketebuli. Tadzari shignidan moxatuli yofila - sakurtxevelshi shemorchenilis wmindanta gamosaxulebani da dmanisis sionis agmosavlet mxares agmartulia gegmit otxkutxa samreklo, romelic mravaljer aris gadaketebuli. chdiloet-agmosavletit wm. marines mcire zomis ertnaviani eklesiaa, romelic warweris tanaxmad, ganaxlebulia 1702 wels.

dmanisis teritoriaze VI-VIII saukuneebshi mcire dasaxleba iyo, sadac saepiskoposo katedrali mdebareobda. rogorc qalaqi, wyaroebshi pirvelad IX saukuneshi ixsenieba, am dros mas arabebi flobdnen. XI s-is 80-ian wlebidan selchukta xelshi iyo, 1123 wels davit IV agmashenebelma gaatavisufla. Tanamedrove dmanisis axlos aris amave saxelwodebis qalaqi-simagris nangrevebi (VI-XV ss.), saxlebis, quchebis, gvinis sardafebis da sxva obieqtebis nadhTebi. aq agmochenilia evropashi yvelaze dzveli adamianis nakvalevi — tavis qala, romlis asaki 1,6 milioni wlit ganisazgvreba.
5. ZUZUKELA[13586](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
26 Apr 12, 13:10:16
wughrughashenis tadzari qartuli xurotmodzghvrebis dzegli, XIII saukunis gumbatovani tadzari, eklesiis warwerebshi moxsenebuli arian giorgi mefe da eklesiis mshenebeli hasan arsenis dze. rene shmerlingis azrit, warwerebshi moxseniebuli giorgi mefe giorgi lashaa, e. i.dzegli ashenebulia misi mefobis dros 1212-1222 wlebshi. wughrughashenis tadzari, fasadebisa da mortulobata gadawyvetis mixedvit, tamar mefisa da mis memkvidreta periodis dzeglta jgufs ekutvnis, xolo misi shida gadawyveta, zogadad, imave dzeglta tips miekutvneba, magram am tipis kerdzo saxes warmoadgens.



tandziis wminda nikolozis eklesia – darbazuli eklesia bolnisis municipalitetis sofel tandziashi, mdebareobs sulxan-saba orbelianis literaturuli muzeumis ezoshi da warmoadgens orbelianebis karis eklesias. agebulia 1683 wels sulxan-saba orbelianis mamis vaxtangis mier, romelic iyo vaxtang V shahnavazis mdivanbegi anu mosamartletuxucesi. eklesias ori shesasvleli aqvs:dasavletit (moqmedi) da samxretit (gauqmebuli). agmosavletis fasadze, sarkmlis tavze da dasavletis fasadze karebs zemot tito didi reliefuri jvaria gamosaxuli. ori sarkmelia samxretis kedelshic.
6. ZUZUKELA[13586](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
26 Apr 12, 13:10:41
betania, qartuli xurotmodzgvrebis dzegli, jvar-gumbatovani tadzari. agebulia XII-XIII saukuneebis mijnaze. monasteri ori eklesiisgan shedgeba. wminda giorgis saxelobis mcire bazilika 1196 welsaa ashenebuli. mtavari tadzari gvtismshoblis saxelobisaa da XII-XIII saukuneebshia ashenebuli. tadzarshi daculia kedlis mxatvroba, romelic qartuli monumenturi mxatvrobis shesanishnav nimushs. religiuri shinaarsis scenebis gverdit mnishvnelovani adgili uchiravs istoriul pirta - giorgi III-is, tamar mefisa da lasha-giorgis portretebs. moxatuloba shesrulebulia tamaris sicocxleshi, giorgi lashas tanamosaydred gamocxadebis xanashi, daaxloebit 1207 wels. betaniis eklesiashi arsebuli tamar mefis freska ert-ertia saqartveloshi arsebuli misi sami freskidan.
7. ZUZUKELA[13586](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
26 Apr 12, 13:11:11
manglisis sioni — dzveli qartuli xurotmodzgvrebis mnishvnelovani dzegli. mdebareobs tetri wyaros municipalitetis daba manglistan.pirveli ekelsia manglisshi ashenda IV saukuneshi. amjamindeli tadzari ashenebulia VI-VII saukuneebshi. XI saukuneshi mnishvnelovani restavracia chautarda: gafartovda da daemata mochuqurtmebuli qvebi, aseve gamoucvales perangi. 1850 wels kvlav sheaketes, shignidan kedlebi sheatetres,ris shedegadac, savaraudod, bevri freska gaqra. manglisis sionze udzvelesi warwerebia shemorchenili, romlebic sakmaod dzneli gasarchevia. aseve shemorchenilia freskebis kvali gumbatis yelshi.
8. ZUZUKELA[13586](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
26 Apr 12, 13:21:30
birtvisi – cixesimagre istoriul qvemo qartlshi, algetis xeobashi (axlandeli tetri wyaros municipaliteti). mdebareobs farcxisis aghmosavletit 6 -7 kilometrze.cixisken mimaval gzas mivyavart viwro karamde. Signit, xelovnurad mosworebul kldeze, patara ezo iqmneba. aqedan iwyeba cixe. magram birtvisi ar aris chveulebrivi cixe, romelsac galavani da koshkebi shemofarglavs. aq maghla azidul mtebit shemofarglul did teritoriaze shemosasvlelis donis qvemot kldovani da wvetiani mtebia gafantuli. aqedan, am wvetiani mtebis dzirebi ise grmadaa, rom zemodan dzlivs mochans.wyaroebshi pirvelad moxseniebulia XI saukuneshi, rodesac kldekaris eristavma liparitma da qartlis eristavma ivane abazas dzem sheipyres tbilisis amira da birtvisi chamoartves. birtvisi augebel cixesimagred itvleboda, misi mflobeli ki politikurad batonobda mtels algetis xeobaze. magram igi gacilebit adre unda iyos warmoqmnili. mas simagris mnishvneloba XVIII s. bolomde ar daukargavs da augeblad itvleboda.
9. ZUZUKELA[13586](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
26 Apr 12, 13:24:35
samshvilde, ert-erti udzvelesi istoriuli cixe-qalaqi aghmosavlet saqartveloshi, axlandeli sof. samshvildis maxloblad (tetri wyaros municipaliteti) istoriul qvemo qartlshi.shemorchenilia nangrevebis saxit.

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