Shetyobinebebi
15. ZUZUKELA[13528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
22 Ivn 09, 11:41:44
tavdapirvelad xutive patriarqis ufleba-movaleobebi tanabari iyo da romis paps aravitari upiratesoba ar gaachnda sxva danaren patriarqebtan shedarebit. rac sheexeba sityva "paps", am saxels yvela patriarqs ucodebdnen mamis, modzghvris gagebit. shemdgomi es termini konkretulad romis paps daumkvidrda. romis papebis mier gansakutrebuli mdgomareobis mopoveba orma garemoebam gamoicvia. yofili dasavlet romis imperiis teritoriaze romis papebs metoqeebi ar hyavdat da isini ertaderti patriarqebi iyvnen. amastanave, 476 cels dasavlet romis imperiashi moispo saimperatoro xelisufleba, romelsac sheedzlo mnishvnelovnad sheezghuda romis patriarqebis dzalaufleba. 755 cels, frankta mefis pipin moklesmier romis papis olqissheqmnam, romis papebi, romlebic dasavlet evropis umaghlesi sasuliero pirebi iyvnen, saero xelisuflebitac aghჭurva.
romis papebi miiscrafvodnen aghmosavlet qristianuli eklesiis daqvemdebarebisken da aghvivebdnen paeqrobas konstantinopolis patriarqebtan saghvtismeyvelo sakitxebis irgvliv. 1054 cels, romis papma konstantinopolshi gaagzavna tavisi elchebi -legatebi. legatebma cminda sofias tadzris sakurtxevelze dades berdznuli eklesiis cyevla-krulvis shemcveli sigeli. berdznulma samghvdeloebam dacva cerili da tavis mxriv cyevla-krulva sheutvala romis paps. amis gamo, 1054 cels, dasavluri da aghmosavluri qristianuli eklesia sabolood gaiyo. aghmosavlur eklesias martlmadidebluri ecoda, xolo dasavlurs - katolikuri.katolikuri eklesia amzhmadac ertiania da eqvemdebareba romis paps, xolo martlmadidebluri -danacevrebulia avtokefaliur eklesiebad. katolikur eklesiashi mghvdelmsaxureba latinur enaze sruldeba, martlmadideblur eklesiebshi ki - erovnul enebze.

qristianoba shedgeba sami dziritadi mimdinareobisgan:
katolicizmi,
protestantizmi da
martlmadidebloba.

qristianuli scavleba moicavs scavlebas ghmertis, ieso qristes, sulicmindis, sulis cxonebis, eklesiis arsis da samyaros aghsasrulis shesaxeb da garkveulcilad efudzneba dzveli aghtqmis at mcnebas:

1. me var ufali ghmerti sheni, da ara iyvnen shenda ghmertni ucxoni, chemsa gareshe.
2. ara hqmne tavisa shenisa kerpi, arca yovladve msgavsi, raodeni ars cata shina ze, da raodeni ars qveyanasa zeda qve, da raodeni ars cyalta shina qveshe qveyanisa: ara tayvani-sce mat, arca msaxurebde mat.
3. ara moigho saxeli uflisa ghvtisa shenisa amaosa zeda.
4. moixsene dghe igi shabati da cmida-hyav igi: eqvs dghe iqmode, da hqmne mat shina yovelive saqme sheni, xolo dghe igi meshvide shabati ars uflisa ghvtisa shenisa.
5. pativ-ec mamasa shensa da dedasa shensa, rata ketili geyos shen da dghegrdzel iyo qveyanasa zeda.
6. ara kac-hkla.
7. ar imrusho.
8. ar iparo.
9. ara cili-scamo moyvassa shensa camebita cruita.
10. ara guli gitqmides colisatvis moyvasisa shenisa, ara guli gitqmides saxlisatvis moyvasisa shenisa, arca yanisa misisa, arca karaulisa misisa, arca yovlisa sacxovarisa misisa, arca yovlisa mistvis, raica iyves moyvasisa shenisa.

qristes mtaze qadageba iesos modzghvrebis birtvs carmoadgens. mama ghmertis at mcnebastan ertad qristes scavleba qristiantatviscmindata-cmindaa. sulicmindis shtagonebit mas srulyofilad mate mociquli gadmogvcems cminda cerilshi.
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16. ZUZUKELA[13528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
22 Ivn 09, 11:46:52
amdeni vilaqlaqe da barem davcer saqartveloshi qriastianobis gavrcelebazec.

saqartvelos martlmadidebeli eklesia sheiqmna qartlshi qristianobis saxelmcifo religiad gamocxadebistanave - daaxloebit 326 cels. saqartvelos martlmadidebeli eklesia ierarqiulad saberdznetis eklesias eqvemdebareboda. V saukuneshi vaxtang gorgasalma mcxetis saepiskoposo shecvala qartlis sakatalikosoti da katalikosi antioqiis patriarqisgan damoukidebeli gaxada. amgvarad vaxtang gorgasalma qartlis eklesias avtokefaliis ufleba moupova. daaxloebit IX - X saukuneebshi dasavlet saqartvelos eklesia - afxazetis sakatalikoso gamovida konstantinopolis patriarqis daqvemdebarebidan da qartlis sakatalikosos daeqvemdebara. XI saukunidan saqartvelos martlmdidebeli eklesiis umaghlesi mesaჭe katalikos-patriarqis atarebda da rigit meeqvse iyo msoflio patriarqta shoris. 1054 clis saeklesio ganxetqilebis shemdeg ki martlmadideblur samyaroshi darchenilma saqartvelos katalikos-patriarqma mexute adgilze gadmoinacvla aleqsandriis, antioqiis, konstantinepolisa da ierusalimis patriarqebs shoris.ivane javaxishvilis azrit, qristianobis istoria saqartveloshi III saukunis damdegidan icyeba, xolo oficialur tarighad cnobili 326 celi sarcmunoebis oficialurad gamocxadebas exeba, rac yvela qveyanashi ufro gvian xdeboda. qristianobis gavrcelebas saqartveloshi mociqul andrias da simon kananels miaceren. katolikuri eklesia saqartveloshi moghvaceobs jer kidev shua saukuneebidan, xolo pirveli protestantuli eklesiebi daarsda me-19 saukuneshi.
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17. ZUZUKELA[13528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
22 Ivn 09, 11:49:56
martlmadidebloba:

martlmadidebloba - qristianobis ert-erti dziritadi mimartuleba. saxeli daerqva 1054 c. shemdgom, qristianuli eklesiis formalurad orad gatishvis shedegad, rodesac romis eklesia rig teologiur sakitxebshi utanxmoebis gamo gamoeyo pentarqias (eklesiata xuteuls) - ierusalemis eklesias, aleqsandriis eklesias, konstantinopolis eklesias da antioqiis eklesias. romis eklesias ecoda katolikuri; xolo danarcheni otxi eklesia ganisazghvra, rogorc martlmadidebluri.
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18. ZUZUKELA[13528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
22 Ivn 09, 11:52:12
katolicizmi:

termini katolicizmi momdinareobs berdznulidan καθολικός (katolikos), rac "saertos" an "universalurs" nishnavs. katolikuri eklesiis modzghvreba, romelsac qristianobashi yvelaze mravalricxovani mrevli hyavs (1 miliard 100 milioni katolike msoflios 235 qveyanashi, rac mteli qristianobis 52% sheadgens). sxva qristianuli modzghvrebebis mimdevrebisagan gansxvavebit katolikeebi romis papebs petre mociqulis memkvidreebad aghiareben da amit mas yvela sxva episkoposisgan gamorcheulad da mteli eklesiis upirveles cinamdzghvrad miichneven.
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19. ZUZUKELA[13528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
22 Ivn 09, 11:59:03
protestantizmi:

protestantizmi (lat. protestans, natesaobiti brunva protestantis - is, vinc sajarod amtkicebs) qristianobis sami mtavari ganshtoebidan ert-ertia da carmoadgens ramdenime msxvili mimdinareobis da bevri damoukidebeli eklesiis ertobliobas, romlebic carmoshobit dakavshirebulni arian reformaciastan - XVI saukunis antikatolikur modzraobastan romlis ert–erti xelmdzghvaneli da sulischamdgmeli germaneli beri martin luteri iyo (*10 noemberi, 1483_ 18 tebervali, 1546) amzhamad msoflioshi 600milionamde protestantia, aqedan 350 milioni afrikashi, 120 milioni evropashi, 80 milioni latinur amerikashi, 65 milioni aziashi da 10 milioni avstraliasa da mimdebare kundzulebze.
1526 cels luteris momxre germaneli tavadebis shpeeris raixstagma sheachera luteris sacinaaghmdego vormsis ediqtis moqmedeba. tumca 1529 cels meore raixstagma gaauqma es dadgenileba, rasac 5 saimperio tavadis da ramdenime germanuli qalaqis protesti mohyva, rac xmamaghla da ukompromisod ganacxades katolikebtan gamartuli teologiuri disputisas. aqedan carmosdga termini "protestanti". axalma mimdinareobam scrafad moicva evropis chrdiloet nacili da safrangeti. sheshfotebulma katolikurma eklesiam safrangetshi iaraghi gamoiyena axali mimdinareobis cinaaghmdeg, rasac tan dinastiuri intrigebi daerto, 1562-1598 clebshi mimdinareobda omi romelic istoriashi "hugenotebis omis" saxelit shevida. shedegad hugenotebma miighes samxret safrangetshi cxovrebis ufleba, tumca mati gavlena safrangetshi mkvetrad shemcirda.
romis eklesiam reformaciastan sabrdzolvelad sheqmna "katolikuri liga". protestantebma ''evangelisturi kavshiris'' sheqmnit upasuxes. sheiaraghebuli dapirispireba saertoevropul, e.c. "30 clian" (1618-1648 clebi) omshi gadaizarda, romelic dasrulda vestfaliis samshvidobo shetanxmebit. shedegad katolikeebi, protestantebi da kalvinistebi uflebrivad gatanabrdnen.
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20. ZUZUKELA[13528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
22 Ivn 09, 12:03:03
protestantebi iziareben zogadqristianul carmodgenas ghmertze, ieso qristesa da sulicmindaze, aghiareben samebas da nikeo–konstantinopolis aghsarebas, scamt sulis ukvdavebis, iesos meored mosvlis, saboloo gankitxvis da cata sasufevlis. amastan ertad, protestantizmma camoayena 3 dziritadi tezisi: sulis xsna personaluri rcmenit, morcmuneta sayoveltao sicminde da cminda cerilis gansakutrebuli avtoriteti.
Sola scriptura (mxolod cerili) - protestantebistvis bibliacarmoadgens saeklesio scavlebis ertadert cyaros, amitom is itargmna nacionalur enebze, misi shescavla da principebis cxovrebashi gatareba yvela protestantis mtavari amocanaa. cminda gadmocemisadmi damokidebuleba araertgvarovania, ertis mxriv uaryofa da meores mxriv aghiareba, magram nebismier shemtxvevashi erti mnishvnelovani danamatit: gadmocema (iseve rogorc nebismieri sxva teologiuri nashromi da sakutari azric ki) avtoritetulia imdenad, ramdenadac is dafudznebulia bibliaze. scored es danamati (da ara ghvtismsaxurebis gamartivebis da gaiafebis mcdeloba) aris protestantuli mimdinareobebis mier ama tu im scavlebis da praqtikis uaryofis mizezi da scored amis gamo aris amdeni mimdinareoba protestantizmis shignit. radganac bibliis 34.000-ve muxlis ertnairad gageba sheudzlebelia, misi interpretacia icvevs sxvadasxva azris gachenas da es procesi xandaxan damoukidebeli eklesiebis carmoqmnit bolovdeboda. tumca am eklesiebs aertianebt erti tradicia da dziritadi scavleba metnaklebad identuria.
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21. ZUZUKELA[13528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
22 Ivn 09, 12:48:40
Sola fide (mxolod rcmenit) - protestantebi ascavlian rom codvam shecvala adamianis buneba da miuxedavad imisa, rom adamians sheudzlia siketis keteba da zneobrivi cxovreba, mas ar sheudzlia sulis xsna sakutari damsaxurebit, zneobrivi cxovrebit da siketis ketebit. es shesadzlebelia mxolod ieso qristes gamomsyidveli
msxverplisadmi rcmenit. protestantebi ar aufasureben ketil saqmeebs, mat miachniat, rom zneobrivi cxovreba aris rcmenis da codvebis patiebis gardauvlad tanmdevi nayofi da ara is piroba, ris safudzvelzec ghmerti patiobs adamians codvebs da aniჭebs sulis xsnas.

protestantebis scavleba: rcmenas moaqvs patieba da shedegad ketili saqmeebi
katolikuri scavleba: rcmenas da ketil saqmeebs moaqvt shedegad patieba

scored es tezisi iyo martin luteris da sxva reformatorebis centraluri teologiuri sakitxi.

Sola gratia (mxolod madli) - sulis xsnas vighebt rogorc ghmertis madls, rogorc daumsaxurebel cyalobas da ara ise, titqos codvilma daimsaxura is. anu sulis xsna aris ghmertis mier moniჭebuli daumsaxurebeli sachuqari, gadmocemuli adamianebistvis ieso qristes damsaxurebit.
Solus Christus (mxolod qriste) - doqtrina imis shesaxeb, rom qriste aris ertaderti shuamavali ghmertsa da adamianebs shoris. yvela monatlul qristiani ighebs ghmerttan urtiertobis shesadzleblobas da sheudzlia iqadagos saxareba. protestantobashi ar arsebobs dogmaturi gansxvaveba mghvdelsa da saeros shoris, amitom ghvtismsaxurebs ara aqvt tanamdeboba, mat aqvt movaleoba. amgvarad uqmdeba saeklesio ierarqia misi tradiciuli gagebit. amave mizezis gamo ar arsebobs aghsarebis saidumlo da codvebis patiebis ritualebi, romlebic mghvdelma unda sheasrulos, magram dzalian didi mnishvneloba eniჭeba ghmertis cinashe gulcrfel monaniebas da codvis mitovebas, rogorc shinagani monaniebis garegan dadasturebas.
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22. ZUZUKELA[13528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
22 Ivn 09, 12:52:08
Soli Deo gloria (dideba mxolod ghmerts)- adamiani tayvans unda scemdes mxolod ghmerts, radganac sulis xsna miigheba mxolod misi nebit da moqmedebit - ara mxolod ieso qristes gamomsyidveli msxverplit jvarze, aramed am gamosyidvis rcmena ideba morcmuneta gulebshi sulicmindis mier. radganac ghmerti aris "pirveli da ukanaskneli" mteli dideba ekutvnis mas da ara mis qmnilebas.

saeklesio saidumloebebidan datovebulia mxolod cylit natloba da ziareba. garda amisa, protestantebi ar loculoben gardacvlili adamianebistvis, ar scemen tayvans cmindanebs, mat neshtebs, xatebs da ar aghnishnaven matdami midzghvnil dghesascaulebs. protestantebis samlocvelo saxlebi, rogorc cesi, sadaa, ar gaachnia mdidruli atributika, xatebi da qandakebebi. radgan miachniat rom aseti dekoraciebis aucilebloba ar aris. eklesiis shenobad sheidzleba gamoiyenebodes nebismieri shenoba, romelsac qiraoben, an yiduloben. ghvtismsaxureba orientirebulia qadagebaze, locvaze da sagaloblebis shesrulebaze. ghvtismsaxurebis dauqorcinebloba, iseve rogorc daqorcineba aranairad ar reglamentirdeba da xucesebis (pastori, presviteri) piradi gadasacyvetia.
protestantizmma uaryo romis papis avtoriteti da gaauqma ber-monazvnuri sistema, rogorc sulis xsnistvis saჭiro gansakutrebuli ghvacli. amastan arseboben monastris tipis dacesebulebebic mag.: narkomanta reabilitaciis centrebi. sayoveltao sicmindis principma safudzveli daudo eklesiebis demokratiul mocyobas (mrevlis da ghvtsmsaxurta tanabroba, archevitoba, angarishvaldebuleba da a.sh.) ierarqia, iqneba es formaluri tu araformaluri, arsebobs cesrigis shesanarchuneblad da mas gansakutrebuli datvirtva ara aqvs.
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23. ZUZUKELA[13528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
22 Ivn 09, 12:58:58
reformaciamdeli msxvili modzraobebi: katarebi (XI-XII s.), valdensebi (XII s.), lolardebi da strigolebi (XIV s.), husitebi (XV s.) reformaciuli eklesiebi (XVI s.): luteranebi, kalvinistebi, anglikanebi, anabaptistebi.
postreformaciuli modzraobebi (XVII-XIX s.): baptistebi, kongregacionalistebi, adventistebi, pietistebi, puritanebi, metodistebi, menonitebi, presviterianelebi, xsnis armia, kvakerebi.
didi gamoghvidzeba (XIX s.): ormocdaatianeloba, evangelizmi

am mimdinareobebis umetesoba "sulieri aghordzinebis" egidit formirdeboda, rata eklesia pirveli saukunis eklesiis idealebs da reformaciis arss dabruneboda. am mimdinareobebis ganmasxvavebeli nishani tavisufali qadageba da aqtiuri misioneruli moghvaceobaa.

dghevandel dghes protestantizmi camyvan poziciebzea skandinaviis qveynebshi (shvedeti, norvegia, fineti), ashsh-shi, germaniasa da didi britanetshi, moicavs holandis, danias, islandias, kanads, shveicarias, avstralias, axal zelandias da zogadad okeaniis regions. protestantuli qveynebi gamoirchevian socialurad samartliani sistemit, dzlieri saxelmcifo cyobilebit da cxovrebis maghali donit.
damaarseblebi da cnobili protestanti ghvtismsaxurebi:
jon uiklifi- ingliseli reformatori.
ian husi- chexi ghvtismsaxuri, pirveli msxvili reformatoruli modzraobis lideri.
martin luteri-protestantizmis damaarsebeli.
filip melanxtoni- adreuli protestantizmis lideri.
haldrih cvingli-adreuli shveicaruli reformaciis lideri.
jon kalvini- kalvinizmis fudzemdebeli.
baltazar hubmaieri-anabaptisti teologi.
meno simonsi- menonitebis eklesiis damaarsebeli.
jon smiti- baptizmis fudzemdebeli.
jon vesli- metodistebis xelmdzghvaneli.
bili grehemi- baptisti maxarebeli da teologi.
eduard irvingi-shotlandieli mqadagebeli.
charlz parhami-ormocdaatianeli maxarebeli.
uiliam seimuri–ormocdaatianelebis mqadagebeli.
oral robertsi- amerikeli teologi.
rainhard bonke- afrikis mociquli da maxarebeli.
beni hini- amerikeli maxarebeli da teleevangelisti.
qenet koplandi- amerikeli teleevangelisti.
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24. ZUZUKELA[13528](Off)Pas|Cit|PM
22 Ivn 09, 19:34:21
Esec qristianuli simbolo - jvari

<<Cina. | Shemdegi>>
1,2,3,4

es tema daxurulia, tqven ver dacert pasuxs da verc daaredaqtirebt tqvens gzavnils.
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